domingo, 27 de março de 2011

What are adjectives?

Adjectives are describing words - they tell you more about nouns.
Nouns are 'naming' words, they are a person, place or thing.
Adjectives tell you more about the noun. Using adjectives makes your sentences more interesting.
The pretty girls laughed.
In this sentence:
'girls' is the noun (it says who's laughing).
'pretty' is the adjective (it says more about the noun).
Here are some more sentences with nouns and adjectives.
  • The fat captain ate dinner.
  • Sam is blonde and gorgeous.
  • Old Hani and I drove up the big hill.
Remember that adjectives tell you about the noun, they describe the noun. Don't confuse adjectives with adverbs. Adverbs describe the verb, they tell you more about an action - eg: 'he laughed loudly'.
Remember that adjectives usually come before the noun.
You can use more than one adjective if you need to. Eg:
The tall, bright, beautiful waitress picked up the dark, dirty coffee.

Verb to be - present simple - affirmative

quarta-feira, 23 de março de 2011

Elizabeth Taylor

Hollywood legend Elizabeth Taylor has died aged 79 after suffering from heart problems and other health issues in recent years.
The two-time Oscar winner died at Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles surrounded by her four children after being hospitalised six weeks ago with congestive heart failure, her publicist Sally Morrison said.
"My mother was an extraordinary woman who lived life to the fullest, with great passion, humour, and love," son Michael Wilding said in a statement.
"Though her loss is devastating to those of us who held her so close and so dear, we will always be inspired by her enduring contribution to our world."
Taylor won best actress Oscars for Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf in 1966 and Butterfield 8 in 1960, while she was Oscar-nominated for her roles in Cat On A Hot Tin Roof, Suddenly, Last Summer and Raintree County.
She achieved stardom at the tender age of 12 in National Velvet.
As an adult, she became famous for her acting and her beauty as well as her eight marriages - twice to actor Richard Burton.
In 2004, it was announced Taylor suffered congestive heart failure in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to organs.
She had to undergo heart surgery in 2009 to replace a leaky valve.
Taylor has been using a wheelchair for more than five years to cope with chronic pain after breaking her back four times, and she has had three hip replacement operations, a benign brain tumour, skin cancer and pneumonia.

Glamour and tumult

Taylor's personal life set a Hollywood standard for glamour and tumult.
After the death of her third husband, film producer Mike Todd, in 1958, she found herself in a well-chronicled love triangle with singer Eddie Fisher and his wife actress Debbie Reynolds, before marrying Fisher.
While filming the lavishly produced Cleopatra in 1961, she started a torrid, tabloid-chronicled affair with Richard Burton, who played Mark Antony and who was also married at the time.
Taylor's relationship with Burton was a saga in itself. The two strong-willed actors wed in 1964 after she divorced Fisher, and Burton bestowed furs and diamonds, including a $US1 million pear-shaped jewel, on Taylor while publicly praising her "wonderful bosom".
But they also hurled invective at one another and were brilliantly cast in the movie of dramatist Edward Albee's Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? about a bitter, verbally abusive couple.
"We enjoy fighting," Taylor once said. "Having an out-and-out, outrageous, ridiculous fight is one of the greatest exercises in marital togetherness."
Taylor has not appeared on screen since the 2001 TV movie Old Broads.

Taylor was also one of the earliest Hollywood activists fighting against AIDS. After her friend and co-star Rock Hudson died of the disease, she decided she could not sit back any longer. Taylor joined with a group of physicians and scientists to form amfAR in 1985. "I could no longer take a passive role as I watched several people I knew and loved die a painful, slow and lonely death," Taylor said in an interview about her activism. "Even if we make the smallest gesture, at least we are making an impact.” Taylor went on to found an organization that bore her own name and it’s one of the few celebrity AIDS charities to focus primarily on victims in the United States. Taylor dedicated the past 25 years of her life to battling the epidemic, testifying on Capitol Hill, paying visits to victims in hospitals, and lobbying politicians for funds to find a cure. “I hope with all of my heart that in some way I have made a difference in the lives of people with AIDS," Taylor once said. “I want that to be my legacy. Better that than for the mole on my cheek.”

Elizabeth in pictures:

sexta-feira, 18 de março de 2011

How to form gerunds correctly

There are a few spelling rules that you need to know in order to form gerunds correctly. The spelling of a gerund depends on the vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and consonants (b, c, d etc.) at the end of the verb:

If there is more than one consonant, just add ING:

think + ing thinking

If there is more than one vowel, just add ING:

beat + ing beating

If there is one vowel and one consonant, and the syllable is stressed, double the consonant and add ING:

hit + t + ing hitting

If there are one or more consonants and E, remove the E and add ING:

take + ing taking

In most other cases, just add ING:

study + ing studying

see + ing seeing

What are they doing? Choose the correct answer.