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domingo, 18 de março de 2018

The Weather - vocabulary

The Weather

The condition of the atmosphere over a particular area is called the weather.
The Weather


Rain: drops of water that fall from clouds. A single drop of rain is called a raindrop. The total amount of rain is calledrainfall. Rain can include:
  • Deluge: a sudden large amount of rain
  • Downpour: a heavy rain in a short time
  • Drizzle: a rain that falls in light drops
  • Hail: balls of ice that fall from the sky. Each of the balls of ice is called a hailstone.
  • Shower: a short period of rain
  • Sleet: partly frozen falling rain
  • Monsoon: heavy rain that falls in S Asia in the summer
  • Snow: soft, white pieces (called snowflake) of water ice that falls from clouds.

Rain can cause:
  • Flood: a large amount of water covering land which is usually dry.
  • Puddle: a small amount of water on the ground


A natural movement of air as a result of atmospheric pressure is call wind. Wind can include:
  • Breeze: a light and gentle wind
  • Crosswind: a wind that is blowing across the direction of travel of a person or vehicle
  • Easterly: a wind that is blowing from the east
  • Northerly: a wind that is blowing from the north
  • Gale: a very strong wind
  • Gust: a sudden blast of wind
  • Headwind: a wind that is blowing against the direction of travel of a vehicle
  • Tailwind: a wind that is blowing in the same direction of travel of a vehicle
  • Sirocco: a hot wind that comes from the Sahara Desert to southern Europe


A severe weather condition with strong wind, heavy rain, thunder, and lightning is called storm. Storm can include:
  • Blizzard: a severe snowstorm
  • Cyclone: a powerful tropical storm rotating in a circular direction
  • Hurricane: a rapidly rotating storm, that occurs especially in the West Atlantic Ocean
  • Thunderstorm: a storm with thunder and lightning and sometimes heavy rain and strong winds
  • Tornado (twister): a dangerous spinning cone-shape column of air

Difference between tornado and twister

The term used by meteorologists
Slang for tornado

  • Typhoon: a tropical cyclone that occurs especially in the West Pacific Ocean


The area above the surface of the Earth is called the sky. The sky can include:
  • The Sun: the star that gives the earth heat and light. 
  • Cloud: a grey or white mass of water in the sky. 
  • Fog: water droplets that form a thick cloud in the air above the land or the sea, reducing visibility.
  • Mist: thin fog that occurs when humid air cools rapidly.
  • Rainbow: a multicolored arch appearing in the sky when the sun shines through rain

Adjectives that describe the weather

  • Rainy: with a lot of rain
  • Warm: with comfortably high temperature; not hot or cold
  • Cold: with a very low temperature
  • Cloudy: with a lot of cloud
  • Clear: without cloud
  • Sunny: with a lot of sunlight
  • Stormy: with strong wind, heavy rain, thunder, and lightning
  • Misty: with a lot of mist
  • Foggy: with a lot of fog
  • Breezy: with strong winds
  • Windy: with a lot of wind
  • Showery: with light rain
  • Frosty: cold with frost
  • Chilly: too cold
  • Snowy: with a lot of snow
  • Icy: extremely cold; covered with ice
  • Drizzly: with light rain
  • Dry: without moisture
  • Overcast: with a lot of clouds
  • Wet: covered with water

Sentence examples:

The sun is shining.
The wind is blowing.
The rain is falling
It’s thundering.
It’s a foggy day.